Food as Medicine: Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus, Cucurbitaceae)

« Summer staple watermelon hides more than just seeds — which themselves have benefits beyond spitting.

Watermelon contains an abundance of two vital bioactive compounds, citrulline and lycopene, which play important roles in the health of the cardiovascular and reproductive systems and in healthy aging. »


HerbalEGram: Volume 12, Issue 7, July 2015
“Each month, HerbalEGram highlights a conventional food and briefly explores its history, traditional uses, nutritional profile, and modern medicinal research. We also feature a nutritious recipe for an easy-to-prepare dish with each article to encourage readers to experience the extensive benefits of these whole foods. With this series, we hope our readers will gain a new appreciation for the foods they see at the supermarket and frequently include in their diets.”

History and Traditional Use
Range and Habitat
Phytochemicals and Constituents
Historical and Commercial Uses
Modern Research
Nutrient Profile


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Encourage Traditional Maori Medicine Says Researchers

« A team of researchers conducted a three-year survey on holistic practitioners and discovered an urgent need.
Researchers studying traditional rongoā Māori say there is an urgent need to increase the number of healers to stop the knowledge from being lost forever.

118450-400x265-New_Zealand_Herbal_Medicine 40
Rongoā Māori is a holistic system of healing derived from Māori philosophy and customs.
Amohia Boulton, Albie Stewart, Gill Potaka-Osborne and Maui Hudson and Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll conducted a survey of healers as part of a three-year Health Research Council study.
One of those, Ms Ahuriri-Driscoll, a lecturer in Māori health and wellbeing at the University of Canterbury, said healers from rohe throughout the motu were interviewed.
Ms Ahuriri-Driscoll said the survey highlighted the pressing need for expansion of the rongoā Māori workforce and better funding to ensure rongoā practices survive.
She said their skills were seen as a valid option alongside mainstream medical approaches and demand for their services was growing.
But she said more needed to be done to nurture the next generation of healers and sustain the practice.
« What we definitely found is healers are certainly older, well over half of our sample are aged between 50 and 69, predominantly Māori, but not exclusively, and also a high proportion are women.
« That sort of ageing pattern certainly has implications for the sustainability of the practice. Who’s going to carry on? Who’s that deep knowledge being transmitted to? »
Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll said rongoā Māori practitioners make a valuable contribution towards Māori health outcomes, albeit with limited resourcing or formal training.
She said the training that should be made available must be able to meet the needs of both trainee and established healers. »

Laura Bootham, Te Manu Kōrihi reporter, Radio New Zealand

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EC considers a Skin Lightener and UV Filter Unsafe for Cosmetics Use

“The European Commission has released its latest Opinion on two cosmetics ingredients, deoxyarbutin and phenylene bis-diphenyltriazine, and says they are not safe for use.
The Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety (SCCS) assessed the safety of the two ingredients and says it found that deoxyarbutin can release unsafe levels of hydroquinone, while phenylene bis-diphenyltriazine was said to have genotoxic and phototoxic potential.

Skin lightening
Deoxyarbutin is a skin lightening ingredient that is used in body and face products, with a facial cream being tested in this instance.

Scientific data previously provided shows that the ingredient can be considered safe for consumers in cosmetic products in a concentration up to 3 % in face creams; however the SCCS notes that hydroquinone will be formed during the lifecycle of the product .
Hydroquinone is banned under the EU cosmetics Regulation Annex II/1339, with some exceptions for professional use, and the concern in this instance is that depending on the storage conditions and stability under in-use conditions it may be released at levels which raise concerns with regard to the safety of such products during life-cycle of the product.
“Therefore, the overall conclusion of the SCCS is that the use of deoxyarbutin up to 3 % in face creams is not safe,” says the Opinion.

UV filter
As for phenylene bis-diphenyltriazin, this was assessed as a UV filter in sunscreen products in a concentration up to 10 % , with the SCCS concluding that it could not exclude the possibility that the substance may have genotoxic and phototoxic potential.

“The SCCS considers Phenylene bis-diphenyltriazine, S86, not safe for use as a UV-filter in sunscreen products in a concentration up to 10.0 % taking into account the scientific data provided. SCCS cannot exclude that Phenylene bis-diphenyltriazine may have a genotoxic potential,” it says.
With regards to any further scientific concerns of the use of Phenylene bis-diphenyltriazine, S86, as a UV-filter, the SCCS says that an adequate physico-chemical characterisation should be provided.
The tests conducted on eye irritation and skin sensitisation were considered inconclusive, and the phototoxicity potential can as yet not be excluded; while the Committee also notes that the use of phenylene bisdiphenyltriazine as an ingredient in sunscreen products might lead to environmental exposure.

Both Opinions are open for comment until 23 October.”


Article by Andrew McDougall

Cet article n’engage que son auteur/ This article is the sole responsibility of the author.

Biocides – List of Active Substances and Suppliers

« ECHA has published the first Article 95 list. Only listed biocidal products can be made available on the EU market.
“ECHA is responsible for the publication of the list of relevant substances and the respective substance and product suppliers, in accordance with Article 95 of the Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR).


The suppliers on the Article 95 list include participants in the Review Programme for the systematic examination of all existing active substances contained in biocidal products.
The list contains also information on supporters of new active substances, who have submitted a dossier under Article 11 or Article 7 of the BPR, submitters of product authorisation applications, as well as suppliers who submitted an application in accordance with Article 95(1) of the BPR and which has been found compliant by ECHA.
The first Article 95 list, which is updated regularly by ECHA, was published on the 1st of September 2015. A biocidal product cannot be made available on the EU market unless either the substance supplier or the product supplier is included in the Article 95 list for the Product Type to which the product belongs.
Biocidal products that contain active substances that are included in the Review Programme can be made available and used subject to national laws until 3 years after the date of approval of the last active substance / product-type combination in the product. The active substance / product-type combinations included in the Review Programme but not currently supported by a participating company are listed in part 2 of Annex II of the BPR.

Companies interested in supporting those active substances are invited to prepare their notifications. They will have to be made within one year of entering into force of the regulation. »

List of active substances and suppliers :
ECHA webpage :


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Natrue to Discuss Organic Production and Supply Chain at Expo Milano 2015

NATRUE, The International Natural and Organic Cosmetics Association in partnership with Dr. Hauschka, Gala Cosmetici, Lavera, N&B, Primavera & Weleda invites to the event: Il BellEssere naturale, biologico e certificato Wednesday September 9, 2015 – at 16.30 at the Teatro della Terra @ EXPO Milano 2015.

NATRUE’s discussions will revolve around the entire supply chain: from the cultivation of ingredients to the certification and marketing of organic cosmetics, combining beauty and respect for the environment.”

Stefano Riva – CEO, Weleda Italia
Patrizia Poggiali – Technical Director, Gala Cosmetici
Francesca Morgante – Label Manager, NATRUE
Moderator: Maria Vittoria Pozzi, Deputy Director, beauty, fashion and wellness at Marie Claire

The event will have make up and beauty treatment stands by Dr. Hauschka, Lavera and Weleda. In addition, a corporate social responsibility project to protect biodiversity will be presented by Primavera in collaboration with the Vandana Shiva community, together with a focus on the organic production chain by N&B: cultivation – extraction – cosmetic production, which the company follows directly.

The International Natural and Organic Cosmetics Association
« A.I.S.B.L. NATRUE promotes and protects authentic natural and organic cosmetics since October 2007. The NATRUELabel, managed by the NATRUE ILMC (International Label Management Center), sets a high standard which guarantees quality and integrity so people worldwide may identify and enjoy natural cosmetics truly worthy of that name. »


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P&G Research Team Finds Chelant Use in Shampoo Improves Hair Health

« P&G scientists have found that the use of chelants in shampoos and conditioners will reduce copper levels in hair and ultimately lead to improved hair health, particularly when exposed to Ultraviolet radiation.

The research team, which also consisted of colleagues from IQAC-CSIC in Barcelona, the Ohio State University, and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, published their findings in the International Journal of Cosmetics Science using the examples of EDDS and histidine as effective chelants for use in shampoos and conditioners, respectively.
Damage to hair from UV exposure is known to be a highly complex process involving initiation via absorption of UV light followed by formation and propagation of reactive oxygen species (ROS).
Therefore the research team set about understanding these mechanisms, to explain the role of copper in accelerating the formation of ROS and identify strategies to reduce the hair damage caused by these reactive species.(…) »


Article by Andrew McDougall

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In-cosmetics Brasil 2015 to Bring Innovative Developments in Raw Materials

« Exhibitors from over 20 countries will transform the 2nd edition of in-cosmetics Brasil into the platform for the biggest show of raw materials for the cosmetics market in Latin America.


Visitors to the Blue Pavilion of Expo Center Norte in São Paulo September 30-October 01 will see over 1,000 products for the production of cosmetics for skin, hair, nails and makeup.
Among the novelties being presented are products derived from a plant existing since the Ice Age which has unparalleled efficiency in protecting the skin from daily stress; a multifunctional butter of sacred significance to Buddhists that acts as deep hydration and strand repair, nourishing dry and damaged hair; a product that works to regenerate skin by combining ingredients that promote similar effects to the human placenta, a formulation that promises to mimic the composition of 22-year-old healthy skin, among others. (…) »


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